10 bottles which left their mark on the wine history ! (1/2)
Many wines left their mark in our personal history, on the occasion of special occasions. But which ones are able to place themselves in the world story ? Then, by their singularity and the avant-gardism of their producers, here there are 10 bottles which left their mark on the history:
1) Perrier-Jouët 1856: The Champagne’s producers are among the first ones to work the marketing and to adapt their production to the consumers. In the mid-nineteenth century, the region exports the majority of its production, especially toward England and Russia (isn’ it Roederer ?). But the English are a bit tired of the medium sweet wines, because at that time, a bottle of Champgne could contain more than 200 grams of sugar. Then Perrier-Jouët, Victoria Queen’s supplier since 1861, decides to reduce the dosage and put no more than 30 grams. Despite a sceptical reception, this style “Brut” gradually imposes as the reference of the “Belle Epoque”. And the dosage continuing to drop: less than 12 grams today for a “Brut”.
2) Marques de Riscal 1895: The second half of the XIXth century is rich in events in the wine history (phylloxéra, classification of 1855, …), especially by the coming of many contests. France, the wolrd reference, organises a competition in Bordeaux in 1895. Dom Camilo Hurtado de Amezaga, alias Marquês de Riscal, decides to register his wine from Rioja. To his surprise, he wins a diploma of honour, becoming the first foreign wine to get this award. So, this is the proof that, others terroirs, well worked, can compete with the best, considered at that time.
3) Peterlongo 1913: I confess, this one is really subjective…but I can jusitify it 😉 The wine story in Brasil starts with the Portugues colonisers. But the Italian immigration in the South is the turning point. Today, if Brasil is reknowned for its “espumantes”, it’s largely due to Manoel Peterlongo. Immigrant from Trentino, he starts his business of sparkling wines in 1913, in the Garibaldi area. He enjoyed a great success and a lot of producers include a sparkling in their range. The interest grows and in the 1970’s, many foreign companies bring their technology and wine-makers to revolutionise the Brasilian viticulture.
4) Chateau Mouton-Rotschild 1924: In 1922, from all of his 20 years of age, Philippe de Rotschild takes up the reins of the familial business. Two years later, he decides no to sell his wine in barrels to the merchands, but imposes the whole production bottled in the Château. Then the term “mis en bouteille au château” becomes a sign of trust towards the consumers. Why ? To keep the quality of the wine without run the risk of a bad conservation by the merchands or adulterate it in bulk, and to protect the reputation of the company. By the way, 1924 is the first year when the Baron asks to Jean Carlu to draw a label. Do you remember ?
5) Tignanello 1971: Italy knows a important economic crisis in the 1960’s and the Chianti are sold with low price. Some producers decide to do something, like Piero Antinori. He plants some French grapes, whereas the DOC forbids it. In 1971, he creates a blend of Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc. In front of the ban to name his wine “Chianti”, Tignanello comes from the original plot of the grapes. In the same time, his uncle, Mario Incisa della Rocchetta, commercialises his Sassicaia. And then born the “Super Toscans”.